The Mediterranean no longer marks the southern border of the European Union. With the help of surveillance technology, border fences and military checkpoints, the border was "externalised" to North Africa.
This new EU external border is located in Libya, Niger, Senegal, Algeria and Tunisia and is intended to stop migration and block refugee routes already in the Sahara.
Numerous agreements have been concluded between the EU and individual countries. Only a few know about the consequences of these agreements for African migrants* and the cooperating states. This documentation aims to inform and is based on workshops and conferences in 2017 and 2018 organized by the Bildungswerk Berlin of the Heinrich Böll Foundation and borderline europe - Human Rights without Borders.